How to take care of your face skin – a complete step by step guide

taking care of oily skinMakeup adorns a woman and makes it brighter, but even the most flawless makeup cannot hide skin imperfections. And to ensure that the skin has a healthy appearance, we need to properly and carefully look after it. The most important indicator of a beauty – it is well maintained skin, and just the right daily skin care routine will help you always look perfect.

Makeup looks much better on the healthy skin. Our step by step guide will teach you how to properly take care of the skin, in order to always look perfect.

Step one. Determine your skin type.

In order to carry out the correct skin care procedures we should first find out your skin type. If you have oily skin on the face, you should not over-treat it, and if you have dry skin type, it should not be over dry by different masks and tonics.

Dry skin at a young age is very delicate and beautiful: no pimples, blackheads or enlarged pores. But with age, dry skin tend to lack moisture and nutrition, and it quickly fade out if not nourished. Dry skin is very sensitive; it is prone to flaking and irritation.

Oily skin is very different from the dry one. It is denser, rougher, and prone to dilated pores. Big advantage of oily skin in that it produces a protective film by itself, and therefore, better than other skin type protected from environmental influences. Oily skin, in contrast to the dry one, aging more slowly, but due to excessive sebum on oily skin acne appears more often. Enlarged pores do not look aesthetically pleasing. But if you would properly take care of such skin, it can get clean and smooth appearance.

Combination skin type at first glance seems normal. Nose and forehead are more oily than the rest of the face and the cheeks may even be prone to dryness.

Normal skin in adults is rare. It is smooth, soft and elastic. There is no excessive oil or dryness.

Step Two. Learning how to perform daily facial skin care.

Having defined the skin type, it is desirable to purchase cosmetics for your particular skin type. It is best to avoid cosmetics with a label “for all skin types”. They could of good quality, but in order to nourish your skin correctly you should treat it with selected type. Basic skin care treatments are the same – a makeup remover (wash face with soap is not recommended because it contains alkaline and disturbs the natural balance of the skin), tonic, day and night cream, eye cream, mask and scrub.

Creams should be divided into daily and nightly, because they have a completely different purpose and function. Day cream forms a protective layer on the skin to shield our skin from the harmful effects of the environment, and the night cream should be more active at night because our skin is more receptive to treatment. Night cream should contain a lot of nutrients and vitamins.

How to take care of dry skin.

taking care of dry skinTo cleanse dry skin, it is desirable to use fatty milk. It suffices to use it once a day, in the evening. In the morning, rinse your face with water. Tonic for dry skin should not contain alcohol. It should be a soft lotion with nourishing and moisturizing agents. You can prepare such tonic yourself.

Softening tonic for dry skin:
One tablespoon of green tea to brew in hot mineral water, add linden (flowers), let stand for two hours, strain and refrigerate. Green tea is rich in vitamins and antioxidants, and linden flowers have a soothing and softening properties.

Creams for dry skin in addition to moisturizing agents must contain nutrients, because care for dry skin includes an active nutrition and hydration. Day cream should protect skin from ultraviolet light. Night cream should be nutritious and restorative.
Eye creams should be used when we see first wrinkles.
Exfoliants should not be abused. Instead, it is desirable to buy a gentle scrub. They are designed for sensitive skin. Apply it once a week.
Nourishing and moisturizing masks can be done two or three times a week. Its better to mix home-made masks with commercial ones. Sour cream, honey, olive oil is well suited for such masks.

How to take careĀ of oily skin.

Cleansing – is the foundation of taking care of oily skin. Shines and excessive sebum are the main problem. Washing gel with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agents is best suited for this job. Wash your face with this gel in the morning, and in the evening. Tonic should contain alcohol and anti-inflammatory agents and tightens pores. You can make cleansing tonic yourself:

Cleansing tonic for oily skin:

Brew one tablespoon of calendula in hot mineral water (one glass), drain, add one teaspoon of lemon juice and vodka. Keep refrigerated.

Eye cream should be applied at the first sight of wrinkles because the skin under the eyes is four times thinner than the rest skin on the face. Scrub for oily skin is a must, it should be applied two to three times a week.
You should apply cleansing and anti-inflammatory masks two to three times a week. You can use yeast face mask as a home-treatment for oily skin, it contains vitamins B, which are very useful for oily skin. Dissolve dry yeast in hydrogen peroxide, apply this mask for 20 minutes.

How to take care of mixed skin type.

To take care of mixed skin type is best to use cosmetics/treatments that are easily washed with water. If the T-zone is too oily, then you should wash it in the morning and in the evening, and in the case if its not so oily then thorough evening cleaning should be enough. Tonic should only be used on the middle part of the face where there is an excess sebum and shine. You can prepare home-made tonic yourself:

Tonic for mixed skin type:
Brew green tea (1 table spoon) in one cup of hot mineral water and add lemon juice. Green tea will give the skin the necessary vitamins and lemon would constrict pores where it is needed.

You should purchase creams that a specifically designed for mixed type of skin, they contain a lot of moisturiser, but not too much oily components. If, for example, T-zone skin is too oily and neck and cheeks are prone to dryness, then it is best to purchase two different creams for these areas.
Eye cream for any skin type is used at the first sight of wrinkles, normally after 25 years old.
For mixed skin type exfoliation should be used twice a week.
Apply different masks for each face area separately.

Step Three. Additional rules for skin care.

You have learned how to take proper care of each skin type, but beyond that there are still important rules for skin care. It is advisable to read them carefully and remember.

Five important additional tips:

Never go to bed without cleaning up makeup from your face.

Even if you use a very expensive and good quality makeup, clean skin care should be your top priority. Also, do not forget to put on the night nourishing cream. Day cream must contain filters that defend the skin from ultraviolet radiation; it will protect the skin from premature aging.

Do not use bioactive creams and anti-wrinkle creams, unless it is absolutely necessary. Use specific cream designed for each age group. Active creams should be applied only after forty years. Good cosmetic companies manufacture creams, specifically suitable for individual age groups and skin type. Day moisturizing cream is best to apply to dry skin and nourishing night cream right after shower.

Use natural organic vegetables, fruits and berries as often as you can.

Try to get enough sleep. Good to accustom yourself to go to bed early and also wake up yearly. Do not overlook importance of good vitamin and minerals balance, lack of vitamins and minerals is very unhealthy to the skin and hair. We are hoping that our step by step guide will help you to take a good care of your skin.